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                    "name": "A_AFrank_III_055.134",
                    "title": "Edith Frank-Holländer, Amsterdam, mei 1935 of 1936",
                    "alt": "Polyfoto. Fotocollectie: Anne Frank Stichting, Amsterdam",
                    "url": "https://images.memorix.nl/anf/thumb/1920x1080/9006f8f0-6a33-baaf-a392-73cfcefdc04b.jpg",
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                    "description": "Pasfoto in zwart wit van Edith Frank-Holländer uit een fotoalbum, genomen bij Polyfoto in Amsterdam in mei 1935 of 1936, foto op p.52 in het album 'Blanco Monster Electro Huishoudboek 1937'. Bijschrift in handschrift Anne: 'mei 1935'. De datering is niet duidelijk: Anne dateert deze foto mei 1935, Otto andere foto's van dit vel mei 1936.",
                    "author": "De collectie kan worden ingezet voor publiek",
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                "uuid": "5166e05f-5950-486d-bb13-160b2a586fd5",
                "first_name": "Edith",
                "last_name": "Frank - Holländer",
                "infix": "",
                "title": "Edith Frank - Holländer",
                "title_nl": "Edith Frank - Holländer",
                "title_en": "Edith Frank - Holländer",
                "content": "<p>According to her birth certificate, Edith Holl&auml;nder was born on <strong>16 January 1900</strong> in Aachen, at Heinrichsallee 50. She was&nbsp;a daughter of Abraham Holl&auml;nder and Rosalie Holl&auml;nder-Stern. Edith was the youngest of four children.<sup data-footnote-id=\"km9st\"><a href=\"#footnote-1\" id=\"footnote-marker-1-1\" rel=\"footnote\">[1]</a></sup> She had two brothers: Julius and Walter. Bettina, the only sister, died at the age of 16.</p>\r\n\r\n<p>Edith attended the evangelical <em>Viktoriaschule</em> at Warmweiherstrasse in her birthplace. In <strong>1916 </strong>she took her school diploma. She was a sporty girl and played tennis. Before her marriage she worked for some time in the family business. The company <em>B. Holl&auml;nder Rohproduktenhandlung</em>, founded by her grandfather, traded in boilers, equipment and industrial plants as well as old iron, paper and rags. There was a branch in Cologne and from&nbsp;<strong>1914 </strong>the company also had a wagon factory near Hanover, where Edith&#39;s brother Walter worked. On <strong>12 May 1925</strong> Edith married Otto Frank and moved to Frankfurt. Margot was born in <strong>1926 </strong>and Anne followed in <strong>1929</strong>. After she and Otto decided to leave Germany in <strong>1933</strong>, Edith went to live with her mother in Aachen for a while. She travelled frequently to Amsterdam, where she looked for accommodation. In <strong>December 1933 </strong>she left for the Netherlands permanently.</p>\r\n\r\n<p>The loss of her old life was hard for Edith. She corresponded regularly with Gertrud Naumann, a girl who had lived next door to her in Frankfurt, and otherwise focused on her family. From<strong> September 1938</strong> she and Otto tried to bring her mother to the Netherlands. Shortly after <em>Kristallnacht</em> the Ministry of Justice gave permission for this. Edith&#39;s brothers Walter and Julius managed to emigrate to America. After the arrest on <strong>4 August 1944</strong>, Edith went via Westerbork to Auschwitz. At first she was with her daughters, but after about eight weeks they were sent on to Bergen-Belsen. Edith suffered greatly from this. Little is known about her further fate, but a friend saw her later in a sick bay. She had a high fever and was totally exhausted due to lack of food and illness. She died a few days later at the age of 44.<sup data-footnote-id=\"nl0pq\"><a href=\"#footnote-2\" id=\"footnote-marker-2-1\" rel=\"footnote\">[2]</a></sup></p>\r\n\r\n<section class=\"footnotes\">\r\n<header>\r\n<h2>Footnotes</h2>\r\n</header>\r\n\r\n<ol>\r\n\t<li data-footnote-id=\"km9st\" id=\"footnote-1\"><sup><a href=\"#footnote-marker-1-1\">^</a> </sup><cite>Anne Frank Stichting, Anne Frank Collectie, reg. code A_EFrank_I_001: Standesamt Aachen I, Geburterbuch, register A II nr. 211: Geburtsurkunde Edith Holl&auml;nder (kopie).</cite></li>\r\n\t<li data-footnote-id=\"nl0pq\" id=\"footnote-2\"><sup><a href=\"#footnote-marker-2-1\">^</a> </sup><cite>Literature: Dineke Stam, &#39;Who was Edith Frank-Holl&auml;nder?, in: <em>Anne Frank Magazine</em> 1999, p. 52-55; Aukje Vergeest, <em>Anne Frank in the Secret Annexe: who was who?</em>, Amsterdam: Anne Frank House, 2015.</cite></li>\r\n</ol>\r\n</section>",
                "content_nl": "<p>Volgens haar geboorteakte werd&nbsp;Edith Holl&auml;nder&nbsp;geboren op <strong>16 januari 1900</strong> in Aachen, op het adres Heinrichsallee 50. Zij was&nbsp;een dochter van Abraham Holl&auml;nder en Rosalie Holl&auml;nder-Stern.<sup data-footnote-id=\"6lvfd\"><a href=\"#footnote-1\" id=\"footnote-marker-1-1\" rel=\"footnote\">[1]</a></sup>&nbsp;Edith was de jongste van vier kinderen. Zij had&nbsp;twee broers: Julius en Walter. Bettina, de enige zuster, overleed&nbsp;op 16-jarige leeftijd.</p>\r\n\r\n<p>Edith bezocht de <em>evangelische Viktoriaschule</em> aan de Warmweiherstrasse in haar geboorteplaats. In <strong>1916</strong> deed&nbsp;ze eindexamen. Ze was sportief en ze deed&nbsp;onder meer aan tennis. Voor haar huwelijk werkte ze enige tijd in het familiebedrijf. De door haar grootvader opgerichte firma <em>B. Holl&auml;nder Rohproduktenhandlung</em>&nbsp;handelde&nbsp;in stoomketels, apparaten en industri&euml;le installaties, maar ook in oud ijzer, oud papier en lompen. Er was een nevenvestiging in Keulen en sinds <strong>1914 </strong>had&nbsp;het bedrijf ook een wagonfabriek bij Hannover, waar Ediths broer&nbsp;Walter&nbsp;werkte. Op <strong>12 mei 1925</strong> trouwde&nbsp;Edith met&nbsp;Otto Frank&nbsp;en verhuisde&nbsp;naar Frankfurt. In <strong>1926</strong> werd&nbsp;Margot&nbsp;geboren en in <strong>1929</strong> volgde&nbsp;Anne. Nadat zij en Otto in <strong>1933</strong> besloten Duitsland te verlaten, ging Edith met de kinderen eerst enige tijd bij haar moeder in Aken wonen. Ze reisde&nbsp;veel naar Amsterdam heen en weer. Ze was daar onder meer druk met het zoeken naar een woning. In<strong> december 1933</strong> vertrok&nbsp;ze definitief naar Nederland.</p>\r\n\r\n<p>Het gemis van haar oude leven viel Edith zwaar. Ze correspondeerde&nbsp;regelmatig met het vroegere Frankfurtse buurmeisje Gertrud Naumann en ze richtte zich verder vooral op haar gezin. Vanaf <strong>september 1938 </strong>ondernam&nbsp;ze met Otto pogingen haar moeder naar Nederland te halen. Kort na de <em>Kristallnacht</em> verleende&nbsp;het Ministerie van Justitie hiervoor ook toestemming. Ediths broers Walter en&nbsp;Julius&nbsp;slaagden erin naar Amerika te emigreren. Na de arrestatie op <strong>4 augustus 1944</strong> kwam&nbsp;Edith via Westerbork in Auschwitz terecht. Ze was aanvankelijk samen met haar dochters, maar die werden na ongeveer acht weken doorgestuurd naar Bergen-Belsen. Edith leed&nbsp;hier erg onder. Over haar verdere lotgevallen is weinig bekend, maar een vriendin zag&nbsp;haar later in een ziekenbarak. Ze had&nbsp;hoge koorts en was door voedselgebrek en ziekte totaal uitgeput. Ze stierf&nbsp;enkele dagen later op 44-jarige leeftijd.<sup data-footnote-id=\"5lyeg\"><a href=\"#footnote-2\" id=\"footnote-marker-2-1\" rel=\"footnote\">[2]</a></sup></p>\r\n\r\n<section class=\"footnotes\">\r\n<header>\r\n<h2>Footnotes</h2>\r\n</header>\r\n\r\n<ol>\r\n\t<li data-footnote-id=\"6lvfd\" id=\"footnote-1\"><sup><a href=\"#footnote-marker-1-1\">^</a> </sup><cite>Anne Frank Stichting, Anne Frank Collectie, reg. code A_EFrank_I_001: Standesamt Aachen I, Geburterbuch, register A II nr. 211: Geburtsurkunde Edith Holl&auml;nder (kopie).</cite></li>\r\n\t<li data-footnote-id=\"5lyeg\" id=\"footnote-2\"><sup><a href=\"#footnote-marker-2-1\">^</a> </sup><cite>Literatuur: Dineke Stam, &#39;Wie was Eidth Frank-Holl&auml;nder?&#39;, in: <em>Anne Frank Magazine</em> 1999, p. 52-55; Aukje Vergeest, <em>Anne Frank in het Achterhuis: wie was wie?,</em> Amsterdam: Rainbow, 2014.</cite></li>\r\n</ol>\r\n</section>",
                "content_en": "<p>According to her birth certificate, Edith Holl&auml;nder was born on <strong>16 January 1900</strong> in Aachen, at Heinrichsallee 50. She was&nbsp;a daughter of Abraham Holl&auml;nder and Rosalie Holl&auml;nder-Stern. Edith was the youngest of four children.<sup data-footnote-id=\"km9st\"><a href=\"#footnote-1\" id=\"footnote-marker-1-1\" rel=\"footnote\">[1]</a></sup> She had two brothers: Julius and Walter. Bettina, the only sister, died at the age of 16.</p>\r\n\r\n<p>Edith attended the evangelical <em>Viktoriaschule</em> at Warmweiherstrasse in her birthplace. In <strong>1916 </strong>she took her school diploma. She was a sporty girl and played tennis. Before her marriage she worked for some time in the family business. The company <em>B. Holl&auml;nder Rohproduktenhandlung</em>, founded by her grandfather, traded in boilers, equipment and industrial plants as well as old iron, paper and rags. There was a branch in Cologne and from&nbsp;<strong>1914 </strong>the company also had a wagon factory near Hanover, where Edith&#39;s brother Walter worked. On <strong>12 May 1925</strong> Edith married Otto Frank and moved to Frankfurt. Margot was born in <strong>1926 </strong>and Anne followed in <strong>1929</strong>. After she and Otto decided to leave Germany in <strong>1933</strong>, Edith went to live with her mother in Aachen for a while. She travelled frequently to Amsterdam, where she looked for accommodation. In <strong>December 1933 </strong>she left for the Netherlands permanently.</p>\r\n\r\n<p>The loss of her old life was hard for Edith. She corresponded regularly with Gertrud Naumann, a girl who had lived next door to her in Frankfurt, and otherwise focused on her family. From<strong> September 1938</strong> she and Otto tried to bring her mother to the Netherlands. Shortly after <em>Kristallnacht</em> the Ministry of Justice gave permission for this. Edith&#39;s brothers Walter and Julius managed to emigrate to America. After the arrest on <strong>4 August 1944</strong>, Edith went via Westerbork to Auschwitz. At first she was with her daughters, but after about eight weeks they were sent on to Bergen-Belsen. Edith suffered greatly from this. Little is known about her further fate, but a friend saw her later in a sick bay. She had a high fever and was totally exhausted due to lack of food and illness. She died a few days later at the age of 44.<sup data-footnote-id=\"nl0pq\"><a href=\"#footnote-2\" id=\"footnote-marker-2-1\" rel=\"footnote\">[2]</a></sup></p>\r\n\r\n<section class=\"footnotes\">\r\n<header>\r\n<h2>Footnotes</h2>\r\n</header>\r\n\r\n<ol>\r\n\t<li data-footnote-id=\"km9st\" id=\"footnote-1\"><sup><a href=\"#footnote-marker-1-1\">^</a> </sup><cite>Anne Frank Stichting, Anne Frank Collectie, reg. code A_EFrank_I_001: Standesamt Aachen I, Geburterbuch, register A II nr. 211: Geburtsurkunde Edith Holl&auml;nder (kopie).</cite></li>\r\n\t<li data-footnote-id=\"nl0pq\" id=\"footnote-2\"><sup><a href=\"#footnote-marker-2-1\">^</a> </sup><cite>Literature: Dineke Stam, &#39;Who was Edith Frank-Holl&auml;nder?, in: <em>Anne Frank Magazine</em> 1999, p. 52-55; Aukje Vergeest, <em>Anne Frank in the Secret Annexe: who was who?</em>, Amsterdam: Anne Frank House, 2015.</cite></li>\r\n</ol>\r\n</section>",
                "birth_date": "1900-01-16",
                "death_date": "1945-01-06",
                "gender": "female",
                "birth_place": "Aken",
                "birth_country": "Duitsland",
                "death_place": "Auschwitz-Birkenau",
                "death_country": "",
                "summary": "Edith Frank-Holländer was the mother of Margot and Anne Frank.",
                "summary_nl": "Edith Frank-Holländer was de moeder van Margot en Anne Frank.",
                "summary_en": "Edith Frank-Holländer was the mother of Margot and Anne Frank.",
                "same_as": [
                    "https://data.niod.nl/WO2_biografieen/Edith-Frank"
                ],
                "files": []
            },
            "score": 25.015919
        }
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}